The Specimen, c.1906
The Bohemian artist and writer Alfred Kubin (1877-1959) is another neglected figure from the early days of Modernism. Inspired by the likes of Goya, Max Klinger, Odilon Redon and Félicien Rops as well as Gogol and Poe, he created hallucinatory, proto-Surrealist images before developing a style more akin to Expressionism later in life and exhibiting with the Blaue Reiter group. His drawings were mostly executed on a certain type of highly absorbent land registry paper - his father was a land surveyor - and he claimed he was unable to work on any other variety. Kubin also wrote and illustrated a novel, The Other Side (1909), which is currently somewhat out of my price range.